BREVET DE TECHNICIEN SUPÉRIEUR

SESSION 2002

Epreuve de langue vivante du groupe 17 (entre autres, conception de produits industriels, maintenance industrielle, productique mécanique)


SLEEPING POLICEMEN

One form of driver assistance that is sure to create a fuss (1) is intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) - a technology for forcing a motorist to observe the speed limit. This works by building into the car a digital map marked with local speed restrictions. The addition of GPS (global positioning system) navigation tells the car what the maximum speed on any given stretch of road should be. Cars are then slowed down, or prevented from accelerating, whenever they are at or above the speed limit. One way to do this is to starve the engine of fuel. Another is to add a measure of play to the accelerator pedal. A third is to make the accelerator harder to push down.

Oliver Carsten of the Institute of Transport Studies at Leeds University in Britain believes that ISA is a form of driver assistance, because it helps the motorist keep within the law. However, Robert Ervin of the Transportation Research Institute at the University of Michigan disagrees. He argues that ISA is not driver assistance because it does not enhance (2) driving, but is adopted for social reasons. Whatever it is called, the main justification for ISA is likely to be the high cost of speeding. Studies suggest that ISA could reduce the number of accidents by as much as 40 %, and the number of fatal accidents by nearly 60 %. It could also improve fuel efficiency, render the cost of  "traffic calming" negligible, remove the need for enforcing speed limits with cameras and policemen, and reduce the costs of insurance.

Trials of ISA systems have already been carried out in Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands and Britain, and more are planned in Belgium and France. Although resistance is expected from drivers as well as from motor manufacturers, ISA could be introduced gradually, first with new cars and later as a retro-fitting to the remaining older cars - rather as seatbelts were introduced a generation ago. The trials show that a surprisingly large proportion of people come to accept ISA after they have lived with it for a while - again, much like the experience with seatbelts.

The Economist Technology Quarterly, June 23rd 2001

(1) fuss = unnecessary excitement

(2) enhance =improve


TRAVAIL DEMANDÉ

1/ COMPRÉHENSION

Faites un compte rendu en français de l'article intitulé « Sleeping policemen ». (180 mots environ à plus ou moins 10 % près)

2/ EXPRESSION

As car technology becomes more sophisticated, do you think future drivers will become better drivers? (150 mots environ à plus ou moins 10 % près)

Durée : 2 heures - L'usage du dictionnaire bilingue est autorisé

Calculatrices et traducteurs électroniques sont interdits

Corrigé du compte rendu

ÉLUCIDATION POUR TRADUCTION / HINTS FOR TRANSLATION

Par. 1

One form of driver assistance that is sure to create = which will surely create - to create a fuss : agiter le landernau, causer du remue-ménage

This works : This est mis pour intelligent speed adaptation - works est le verbe to work à la 3e personne du singulier du présent

building into the car a digital map = integrating a digital map into the car - The addition of : faux ami (to add c’est aussi ajouter)

GPS : ne pas s’arrêter là, aller jusqu’à navigation pour obtenir l’empilement correct - tells the car : le sujet de tells est The addition…

le sujet de should be est what the maximum speed

One way to do this : way = method, means

fuel ne veut pas dire fioul - a measure of play : a certain quantity of play - Another is to... = Another (way) is to...

A third is to... = A third (way) is to...

Par. 2

The Institute of Transport Studies : se traduit entre parenthèses après l’intitulé anglais - Leeds University : se traduit

to keep within the law : rester dans le cadre de la loi

The Transportation Research Institute : se traduit entre parenthèses après l’intitulé anglais

le sujet de is adapted est it (ligne précédente) mis pour driver assistance

is likely to be : a toutes les chances d’être

It could also improve : It est mis pour ISA

It could also improve…, render …, remove…, and reduce … : il y a là 4 verbes dont le sujet est It en début de phrase

traffic calming : la sécurité routière

enforcing est un gérondif (= le fait d’imposer, l’imposition de)

Par. 3

and more are planned = and more (trials) are planned

as well as : ne veut pas dire aussi bien que; c’est une sorte de conjonction de coordination

as a retro-fitting to : en l’implantant dans - rather as = un peu comme

a proportion of people come to accept : en viennent à - again, much like : là encore, un peu comme

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