BREVET DE TECHNICIEN SUPÉRIEUR
Epreuve de langue vivante du groupe 9
(Domotique - Fluides-énergies-environnements
Are you environmentally friendly ? Do you reuse and recycle at home? Chances are that, in these information-rich days where we all understand the impact our actions might have on the planet in the future, you do. But what about the computers you replace every two to three years. How do they get disposed of?
Whether in a corporate or domesting setting, the chances are they’ll end up in landfill, where numerous toxins can be released. Thankfully, help is at hand, from the unlikely hero of the day, the European Union. The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive, together with the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) proposal, is at the heart of the response by the European Union to the environmental problems that the rapid growth of the technology sector has produced in the last few years.
The problem is double-headed. First, there’s the sheer amount of equipment being produced to sate the market demand for electrical equipment – everything from televisions, fridges and microwave ovens to computer equipment. And it’s the latter that’s proving the most problematical, in that R&D (1) happens at such a pace the replacement process has become highly accelerated. In other words, we want more kit and we want newer kit, but we don’t have the processes in place to sensibly manage the disposal of the old stuff.
The computer industry is almost producing products that become obsolete faster than their replacements reach the market. According to research quoted in the hefty Commission of the European Community WEEE proposal document, in the 1960s a computer had an expected life cycle of ten years or more. That has shrunk to an average of four years now, and at the cutting edge of computing, to less than two years. The same document quotes electrical and electronic equipment waste levels as growing at three times the rate of municipal waste. Indeed, it’s the fastest-growinng waste stream in the EU, responsible for an average of 14 kg per person across Europe.
Now throw into the mix the fact that the manufacturing processes, not to mention during use and at the disposal stage, electronic equipme,nt introduces potentiall environmentally harmful effects, thanks to the development of new chemicals and materials. Lead from electronic equipment, for example, accouints for around 40 per cent of all lead in landfills and 50 per cent in incinerators. Due to the hazardous content of IT (2) kit, more than 90 per cent of WEEE is land-filled, incinerated or recovered without any pre-treatment. Indeed, according to the European Commission, a large proportion of various pollutants found in the municipal waste stream commes fromm WEEE.
From PC Pro, October 2003
(1) R&D = Research and Development.
Les réponses devront être rédigées sur la copie.
II - TRADUCTION (5 points) : Translate from "The problem is double-headed ..." to "...the old stuff".
III - EXPRESSION (7 points) : Answer
these questions and give examples. (150 words)
I - Rédiger un compte rendu du texte en français en 150 mots (+ ou - 10%). (8 points)
II - Traduire en français depuis « The problem is double-headed... » jusqu'à « ...the disposal of the old stuff. ». (5 points)
III - Répondez en anglais à la question
suivante (150 mots):
Corrigé du compte rendu - Traduction du texte
© Christian Lassure - English For Techies